Moderator and first speaker: Dr. Keith Porter, University of Colorado Boulder and SPA Risk LLC. Dr. Porter is a research professor at the University of Colorado Boulder and principal of the applied research firm SPA Risk LLC. He has 30 years’ experience in engineering practice and scholarly research into how people, companies, and communities can protect themselves from natural disasters. He leads the Natural Hazard Mitigation Saves study for the National Institute of Building Sciences, updating the groundbreaking 2005 report to Congress that found $4 saved per $1 spent. The update, supported by three federal agencies and four private-sector sponsors, found even higher benefits from code adoption, above-code design, and retrofit of existing buildings and lifelines to better resist floods, hurricanes, earthquakes, and fires. Dr. Porter helped to lead the U.S. Geological Survey’s revolutionary ShakeOut, ARkStorm, Tsunami, and HayWired disaster planning scenarios. He is a licensed California Professional Engineer and holds civil and structural engineering degrees from UC Davis, UC Berkeley, and Stanford University.